ACT写作官方满分范文之Intelligent Machines

2017-09-13 16:51:50 作者:无 来源:ACT备考 ACT写作 ACT考试 次数:73

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  环球教育小编为备考ACT考试的伙伴们整理了ACT写作官方满分范文之Intelligent Machines,备考的伙伴们通过此文可以学习到满分作文中的语句表达及词汇的使用技巧,希望对大家的ACT写作有所帮助!

  官方给出了一篇标题为“Intelligent Machines”的act写作范文,列出了6篇范文,分数从1-6分不等。我们认真阅读下面的满分act写作范文,可以发现新的ACT写作,依然有章可循。标题是针对intelligent machines替代人工的现象展开谈论,并一共以下三个观念:

  Perspective 1: What we lose with the replacement of people by machines is some part of our own humanity. Even our mundane daily encounters no longer require from us basic courtesy, respect, and tolerance for other people. Perspective

  2: Machines are good at low-skills, repetitive jobs, and at high-speed, extremely precise jobs. In both cases they work better than humans. This efficiency leads to a more prosperous and progressive world for everyone.

  Perspective 3: Intelligent machines challenge our long-standing ideas about what humans are or can be. This is good because it pushes both humans and machines toward new, unimagined possibilities.


  As technology improves, and more and more tasks are completed by machines instead of humans, the question is no longer about what we can do with machines, but rather what we should. Although the usage of machines increases efficiency and our standard of living, it detracts from the value of human life.

  As machines increasingly perform all our basic tasks, society is able to produce more. The additional production adds material value to our society and frees people up from these low-skill tasks. This is in agreement with Perspective Two which claims that this industrialization leads to more prosperity. For example, in the 18th century, short-staple cotton that was grown in the Southern United States required an immense amount of labor in order to seperate the seeds from the fiber to process the cotton to make it marketable.

  However, in the mid-19th century, Eli Whitney, an American entrepreneur, invented the cotton gin, which allowed for automation of cotton processing. This machine replaced the need of a large work force for the process and

  greatly improved production. As a result of the cotton gin, short-staple cotton production skyrocketed, increasing by more than 10 times in the South while bringing prosperity to the region and setting in motion a new industrial era in America. This is in agreement with Perspective Three, which says that mechanization allows for “unimagined possibilities”. Although there are clearly many advantages to industrialization, there are also some heavy drawbacks.

  The replacement of humans by machines leads to the loss of value to human life, an effect that outweighs the material gains of automation. The search to find human tasks that can be performed by machines inevitably leads to comparisons between the human and the machine. If a company executive wants to see if a inventory management team can be replaced by a robotic system, he will compare the two and determine which can do a better job. When this occurs, the people on the team are evaluated not for their worth as human beings, but for their effectiveness at performing a specific function—in essence, as we wouldevaluate a machine. In a larger sense, when we begin to think about humans in this way, the worth of a person’s life becomes dependent on only what they can do and no longer has any intrinsic value. As Perspective One states, we begin to lose our humanity. This new mindset and way of evaluating people, though seemingly harmless in the workplace, is devastating when it begins to pervade a society. If a person is judged only on his or her capability, there is no reason for a person to remain after they have served their function. This would warrant genocide against the elderly and the disabled because their burden on society would not be made up for by any production. Although the machines may seem to only fulfill the low skill jobs at the moment, there is no barrier to prevent the machines from replacing more. As the machines increase in intelligence, they will replace any tasks done by humans and render us unnecessary and worthless. Due to the risks of dehumanization, the material benefits of machines are not enough to justify its increasing presence.


  1. 培养逻辑训练能力:因为新的ACT写作已经将我们要写的观点给出了,我们需要做的就是如何来有逻辑地进行论证。因此,我们需要多阅读一些议论性质的文章,并注意观察议论思路的展开。

  2. 积累例子:从满分范文不难看出,例子是评分标准中重要的一环,这个例子尽量不要太生活化(与托福作文区分开来),但是与SAT写作的例子相比又灵活接地气一些。

  3. 练习:目前官方出来的题目相当有限,但是我们可以采用旧ACT真题的写作题目进行练习,并让老师批改找出作文中的逻辑不严密和语法不当的地方进行修改。





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