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托福备考之托福独立写作语料

2020-04-02 环球教育

  叮!您的假期余额不足,还请充值到ETS托福考试账户!


  

  

  随着疫情渐渐好转,不出意外,托福考试将在5月份正式重启,各位同学们是否已经做好准备了呢?相比于听说读三项,写作部分除了要求个人实力,还需要能够在30分钟的有限时间内冲击300甚至400字的字数,希望大家能够把在这个假期打游戏练出来的手速应用到考试中去哦!

  

  今天就来给大家分享3个托福独立写作语料,快来Pick你心中的万能句型,用到自己的作文中去吧!Pick me, ei ei~!

    

      一、

  

  

  第1个语料对于备考SAT的同学来说一定不会陌生,正是来自于可汗SAT阅读Social Science类Level 2的第一篇文章:A “Happiness Test” for the New Measures of National Well-Being: How Much Better than GDP Are They? 这是一篇讨论GDP和人们幸福指数关系的社科类文章,开头段写得非常好,大家可以灵活运用到自己的开头段中。

  

  原文说的是 There is currently a broad global movement away from consideration of mere economic success towards a new public policy goal involving a broader notion of quality of life. This movement has also spurred a rethinking of which statistics inform us best about a country’s situation and how its citizens are faring. 我们把一些地方挖个空,就可以得到如下的万能独立写作开头段模板:

  

  There is currently a broad global movement away from consideration of mere …. towards a new goal involving ... This movement has also spurred a rethinking of …

  

  举个例子:

  Although science and technology will continue to improve, the most significant improvement of the quality of people’s lives has already taken place.

  

  这是2019年8月25日考到的一道独立写作真题,我们对上面摘抄出来的句型稍加改动,就可以得到如下开头:

  In recent years, science and technology is improving in a way that is out of our expectation. During this process, there is currently a broad global movement away from consideration of mere technological improvement towards a new goal involving a broader notion of quality of life. This goal spurs a rethinking of whether the most important improvement that can affect the quality of people’s lives has already appeared.

  

  给看到这里的同学布置一个小任务,尝试用这个句型来试一试写2020年1月4日上午场的独立真题:

  Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? It is easier to become educated

  today than it was in past.

    

     二、

  

  

  第二个句子来自于National Geographic 2016年1月号中的一篇文章(p.49):This Is your Brain on Nature. 这篇文章主要讲了自然环境能够帮助人类放松紧绷的情绪,所以大家假期里过度使用手机和电脑等电子设备的同时,也不要忘记看看自己窗外的景色哦!

  

  这篇文章开端的话就非常值得我们借鉴:When we get closer to nature—be it untouched wilderness or a backyard tree—we do our overstressed brains a favor.

  

  We do our overstressed brains a favor. 是不是比我们常用的relax our mind要生动形象很多呢?这篇文章中还有一句对于新加坡绿色环境的描写:

  

  In Singapore, which aims to be a “city in a garden,” greenery cascading off a luxury hotel soothes a guest in a balcony pool—and people on the street below. “A concrete jungle destroys the human spirit,” former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew once said.

  

  大家可以自己阅读一下这句话,看看有没有哪个短语用得非常漂亮呢?(此处投票给concrete jungle,是不是可以用来巧妙替换我们经常写的modern buildings和skyscrapers呢?)

  

  我们的小任务又出现啦!大家可以尝试用刚才的句子来试着写写2019年7月15日这道独立写作真题哦:

  A company wants to spend a certain amount of money to improve its employees’ productivity. Of the following two ways, which one do you think is better? 1. update the technology used by the workers to improve efficiency 2. redesign the office to improve the working environment Use specific reasons and examples to support your answer.

  

      三、

  

  

  最后一条语料取自Foreign Affairs的2020年1/2月刊中的一篇文章:The Many Paths to Progress—and Why They Might Not Continue,作者是Abhijit V. Banerjee和Esther Duflo。

  

  其中在讲述一个部分讲到现在的市场资源分配问题,作者的语言细节非常充分:

  

  The problem is often not so much that talent, technology, and capital are not available but that the economy does not appear to put them to their best use. Some companies have more employees than they need, while others are unable to hire. Some firms use the latest technology, while others never do. Some entrepreneurs with great ideas may not be able to finance them, while others who are not particularly talented continue operating.

  

  这段话对我们的独立写作有一个很好的借鉴作用:论证过程中要有细节!比如后面的some… while others…就是对于第一句话The problem is often not so much that talent, technology, and capital are not available but that the economy does not appear to put them to their best use.(可以看作Topic Sentence)的细节性描写,我们在写作过程中也要注意用这样的细节来丰富自己的观点哦。

  

  这段语料并不难,大家自己分析后,可以尝试用进下面2019年3月9日的独立真题:

  The most important problems of the society can be solved during our lifetime.

  

  今天的语料分享就到这里,希望大家能够灵活运用,也祝各位同学在接下来的托福考试中一切顺利哦!


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